Serbian Home

English Home


Fedorenko Sergej Olegovic


Hubam clover

(Trans. by Oliver Mihajlović)


My brother, in his powdered boots

Throws to me, at my window board

A small flower growing in the fallow

A flower of drought - clover, sweet yellow.


I am leaving my book and going to the steppe

Oh, yes, fields are all golden coloured

And small bee dots from all sides around

Floating in the sunset sultriness abound.


I. Bunjin

Speaking of nectar sources it is impossible not to mention such an important plant as Hubam clover. This is neither yellow nor white clover but a rare variety – annual Hubam clover. As we know, the whole genus, which contains about 20 species is biennial, i.e. they bloom two years after they are sown. Hubam is a relatively new species of plant, made by plant breeders in Alabama. It is unique because of the following facts: it blossoms in the first year; by its nectar productivity it prevails over other biennial species of white clover; it is suitable to plant on any worthless, salty land or field; it can be used as livestock fodder; and it has valuable curative features.

But let’s start from the beginning. In a hot summer day from fields not mowed the breeze brings the strong smell of honey. Of course, it is clover bushes, one of the best nectar sources. If you ever saw a bush in blossom swinging, not in the wind but because of a lot of bees literally covering it, hanging one on other, you will never forget the sight. The beginning of the clover honey flow is characterized by massive flight of bees; they fly in and out in masses. Even the most aggressive ones do not pay attention to someone standing near and watching their work.

Hubam clover blossoms about two months, thanks to the irregularity of the time when flowers are opened and their great amount. There can be as much as 1500 flowers on a single plant and 1.7 billion on one hectare (2.7 acres). Hubam produces nectar from morning to evening. Its honey productivity goes from 300 to 800 kg per hectare. Even during drought (which has been common in recent years) it doesn’t go less than 300 kg. Clover honey is very much appreciated for its great taste and curative features. It is ideal for wintering.


Photo: Fedorenko Sergej Olegovic

Hubam can be planted from early spring until the beginning of July. When planted in summer it blossoms until frost. If you want it to blossom in spring you will sow it in the middle of November, same as with phacelia. Hubam does not require quality soil, but it grows better on land rich with lime, and on non-acidic soil. It reduces the salt on salty land and enriches the soil with nitrogen. It can even grow on sand. It is very suitable for spreading in prairie lands, forests, deserts, or any kind of worthless unused soil. This year we planted Hubam on the 25th of May, in order to have it blossom in late summer. The field began to blossom in the first days of August. I noticed something interesting – about a month after planting, when the plant was 50 cm high, it seemed to have stopped growing. In the beginning I thought it was because of the drought. Later I read that Hubam does stop growing and at the same time it spreads its roots 2 meters deep. Therefore, even when it looks like it does not grow it does, not upwards but downwards. It secretes a great amount of nectar thanks to its strong root system, but also thanks to its shape of flowers which prevents the evaporation and flowing with rain. You can sow Hubam on your land, near your fences and on any uncultivated land which can often be found in every village near every apiary. The seed can simply be thrown on land or grass from hand, but in that case out of 10, only 1 or 2 seeds sprout. Therefore, it is better to throw seeds and do a little raking, and out of 10, 8 or 9 seeds will sprout. The greater surface you sow Hubam, the more honey you will have. In time plants will make new plants around and form bushes. By the way, Hubam can be 1.5 – 2 meters high.

Hubam is also appreciated as cattle fodder. By its nutritive ingredients it equals alfalfa and other clovers. It is also called “sweet clover” and “royal clover”. It can be used as hay, silage, grazing, for strengthening and making land and hillsides firm. Hubam contains coumarin, a substance with sharp smell, so animals are not very keen on it at the beginning. However, they get used to it very fast and become almost addicted to Hubam. Its crop amounts to 300 and more metric cents per hectare. A funny event happened once. My neighbor, also a beekeeper, had thrown half of a bucket of seeds in the village. When the time of blossom came bees were flying happily for a couple of days. One morning my neighbor came out to the street and saw no trace of Hubam and in the distance his neighbor finishing mowing the last bushes. After an emotional reaction of my colleague the mower admitted that his two cows liked this hay very much. After that the beekeeper was offered some milk and the incident was over.

             Beside all said sweet clover is an important medicinal plant. Its Latin name is melilotus alba, its polish name is nostrzyk, and Russian donnik. Donnik means low, and it is called like that because it heals lower, hardly accessible abdominal diseases. What is collected is plant top with flowers or flowers only. Many women know that clover flowers mixed with knapweed in 1:1 relation and with coltsfoot flowers are good for ovaries. 1/3 glass of tea (one spoonful of mixture in one glass of water) should be taken 6 times a day for 3 – 4 weeks. A complete restrain of sexual intercourses is recommended. Sweet clover tea is also good for respiratory and lung diseases. 30 grams of flowers are boiled in one liter of water. One little glass (30 g) is taken every hour. Experimental and clinical examinations proved that coumarin has a strong effect on central nervous system. It has calming and narcotic effects. In cases of nervousness, insomnia, headache, neurasthenia, hysteria, melancholy, bronchitis, edema, stomach cramps, bladder pain, and lack of breast milk, the following tea is to be used – ½ of hot water is poured over two teaspoons of flowers; this should be taken 20 – 40 minutes before meal. Experiments have proven that Hubam is a strong liver regenerator. It is noticed that it helps revitalizing bone marrow function and production of leukocytes, and improves the condition after exposure to radiation. More than any other plant it protects and regenerates inner layer of blood and lymph vessels, and thus prevents formation of thrombi and embolism. Sweet clover can also be used for healing animals. I have many recipes, but they cannot all fit in this article. However, it is important that prescribed amount is always understood, since sweet clover is a plant with very strong effects.


That’s all about this strange plant – Hubam clover.

If you like to achieve the seed or if you need information consider the following address:


g. Kijev - 02166 a-ja. 190

Fedorenko Sergej Olegovič

tel. (044) 519-11-88